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Passenger Liners of New York Shipbuilding
  Last Update: 31 October 2018

S.S. Wolverine State. contract 248, "502" class, delivered January 6, 1921 (shown as President Harrison)

"Seventy per cent of the entire fleet of passenger liners under construction for the Shipping Board were ordered from New York Shipbuilding Corporation which is building nine of the sixteen 535-foot class and has completed all seven of the 522-foot class. The first four of these liners to be delivered are the product of this yard. Fourth of the 535-foot class to be delivered, the American Legion is a twin-screw, oil-burning vessel of 21,425 tons displacement and has accommodations for 280 first class passengers and 194 third class. The liners of this group have a sea speed of 17 1/2 knots."

--from New York Shipbuilding Corporation - A Record of Ships Built, 1921

New York Shipbuilding built deep-water liners, coastal liners, and river liners. The total gross tonnage of liners which came from NYSB's shipways (over 360,000 tons) placed it second only to Newport News in this sector. At 705 feet and 24,289 gross registered tons, Manhattan and Washington were at the time of their launching the largest passenger ships ever ordered from US builders, surpassed to this day only by America and United States.

This list includes vessels originally laid down under nonmilitary contracts but later pressed into military service.

Vessels are listed alphabetically by their name when launched. Some were laid down under other names--see summary history.

No conventionally powered liner built by New York Shipbuilding is still afloat. The last survivor was President Hayes/USS Upshur/State of Maine, scrapped in 2010.

[Links to photos]
Cont. # Keel Laid Ways Launched Description Summary History/Disposition
American Legion

USS American Legion

 242 Jan 21, 1919 M Oct 11, 1919

"535" class cargo liner (E.F.C. Design 1029), 535 ft long, beam 72 feet, 13736 gross tons. Accommodations 260 First, 170 Third

Laid down as Koda, building as Gopher State. Assigned to Munson Steamship Line. Maiden voyage NY to Buenos Aires, 23 Jul 1921. Sank Argentine ship Azopardo in collision, 1922. Laid up in Baltimore, 1938. Activated as Army transport, 1939. Last American passenger ship to leave northern Europe before outbreak of WW II; carried Victor Borge to US from Finland. Scrapped in Portland, 1948.
Bay State

President Madison

President Quezon

251 Oct 15, 1919 M Jul 17, 1920 "535" class cargo liner (E.F.C. Design 1029), 14,187 gross tons. 535 ft long, beam 66 ft. Accommodations 560. Sailed Seattle-Yokohama for Admiral Oriental Line. Renamed President Madison, 1922. Sold to American Mail Lines, 1926. Turned turtle and sank at her pier in Seattle, 24 March 1933. Raised, repaired, and returned to service 6 months later. Sold to Philippine Mail Lines and renamed President Quezon, 1939. Ran aground in Riukiu Islands, 1940. Later raised and scrapped in Japan.
Berkshire  49 Dec 19, 1908  J Feb 13, 1909

Hudson River liner (Hudson Navigation Co.), 440 ft long, beam 50'-6", 4500 dp

Begun as Princeton but launched as Berkshire. With sister ship C.W. Morse was largest passenger steamer on Hudson River. Deck houses built by John Englis & Son, engine by Fletchers. Assigned registry ID #1978 in 1917, but not taken over by Navy. Scrapped 1946 at Philadelphia.
Blue Hen State

President Garfield

President Madison

USS Kenmore (AP-62)

USS Refuge (AH-11)

250  Mar 4, 1920 U Feb 23 1921

"502" class cargo liner (E.F.C. Design 1095), 522 ft, 10533 tons dp, 160 pass

Laid down as troop ship, converted while building. Built for United States Shipping Board. Assigned to United States Mail Line. Transferred to United States Lines. Sold to Dollar Line 1923. Transferred to American President Lines, 1938. Commissioned as Navy transport, 1942. Converted to hospital ship. Laid up at Olympia, WA, 1946. Scrapped 1948 in Vancouver.

North Coast


 278 Feb 19, 1923 L Oct 27, 1923

Cargo liner (Red D Line), 320 ft long, beam 48 ft, 2916 gross t, twin screws. Accommodations 59 first, 28 second.

Maiden voyage NY-Curacao, 1924. Transferred to Grace Line, 1937. Sold to Northland Transportation Co and renamed North Coast, 1937. Collided with and sank Coaster (UK) off Point No Point WA, 1928. Collided with and sank ocean tug Canada off Marrowstone Island, WA, 1941. Chartered to War Shipping Administration, 1941-46. Sold to Manila Steamship Co. of the Philippines and renamed Mayon, 1946. Caught fire in Karimata Strait, 1955, and written off.
Centennial State

President Adams

President Grant

249  Oct 1, 1919 T Dec 11, 1920 "502" class cargo liner (E.F.C. Design 1095), 522'8" o/a, 10533 tons dp. Accommodations 80 (later 140). Laid down as a troop ship, converted while building. First service was with United States Mail Steamship Co. Transferred to United States Lines, 1921. Sold to Dollar Line, 1923, and renamed Adams. Renamed Grant 1940. Became W.S.A. troopship, 1941. Stranded on Ulna Reef near New Guinea, 26 Apr 1944, and written off. .


Emma Alexander

Empire Woodlark

 135 Aug 31, 1912  K May 17, 1913 Coastal liner (Pacific Coast Steamship Co.), 423 ft long, beam 55 ft., 7793 gross t, crew 158 Caught fire 14 Sep 1916 off Oregon coast; gutted above the main deck. Sold to China Mail and renamed Nanking, 1918. Sailed SF to Hong Kong route. Laid up at San Francisco, 1923. Sold to Admiral Line and renamed Emma Alexander, 1923. Portland-SF service, 1924. Laid up at Oakland, 1936. Sold to British Ministry of War Transport and renamed Empire Woodlark, 1941. Deliberately sunk in mid-Atlantic with a hold full of gas bombs, 1946.
Creole State

President Hayes

President Tyler

Howard A. McCurdy

President Tyler

245 May 22, 1919 T Apr 27, 1920 "502" class cargo liner (E.F.C. Design 1095), 522'8" l, 10533 tons dp, one funnel, twin screws Built by US Shipping Board. Made first voyage for United States Mail Line, then transferred to Pacific Mail Steamship Line for San Francisco to Calcutta service. Sold to Dollar Line in Sep 1923 and used for round-the-world voyages. Dollar Line became American President Line in 1938. Renamed President Tyler in 1940. Requisitioned by Navy, 1942, but converted to Army transport. Conversion to hospital ship Howard McCurdy begun Feb 1945, but cancelled Sep 1945. Laid up in Hudson River 1946, Scrapped by Sun Shipbuilding, Philadelphia, beginning Mar 1957.
Empire State

President Wilson

Maria Pipa

Cabo de Hornos

254 May 13, 1919 South Yard 2 Aug 4, 1920 "535" class cargo liner (E.F.C. Design 1029), 535 ft, 12,599 gross t, one funnel, twin screws, 320 pass Chartered to Pacific Mail for trans-Pacific service in 1921. Renamed Wilson in 1922. Sold to Dollar Line in 1925. Entered round-the-world service (SF-NY) in 1927. Transferred to American President Line in 1938. Sold to Berge & Co. (Spain) in 1940, then to Ybarra & Cia same year. Scrapped at Aviles, Spain, 1959.

USS Joseph Hewes (AP-50)

 394  Nov 4, 1929 K Aug 5, 1930 Cargo liner, single funnel (American Export), 7300 tons dp. Accommodations 125 1st Class The original "Four Aces" offered a 43-day cruise of the Mediterranean. Served as WWII transport AP-50 Joseph Hewes. Torpedoed and sunk by U-173 off Morocco during "Operation Torch" invasion of North Africa, 11 Nov 1942.

USS John Penn (AP-51, APA-23)

 397 Oct 25, 1930  J May 28, 1931

Cargo liner, single funnel (American Export), 450 ft, 9360 tons dp. Accommodations 125 1st Class.

"Four Aces." Acquired by Navy and converted to transport APA-23 John Penn Jan 8 1942; sunk by Japanese Kate torpedo bombers in Iron Bottom Sound near Guadalcanal Aug 13 1943, with the loss of 98 souls.

USS Edward Rutledge (AP-52)

 396 Aug 11, 1930  K Apr 4, 1931 Cargo liner, single funnel (American Export), 450 ft., 9360 tons dp. Accommodations 125 1st Class "Four Aces." Served as WWII transport AP-52 Edward Rutledge. Torpedoed and sunk by U-130 off Morocco during "Operation Torch" invasion of North Africa, 12 Nov 1942.

USS Harry Lee (AP-17, APA-10)


 395  Nov 25, 1929 J Oct 18, 1930

Cargo liner, single funnel (American Export), 475 ft, 9989 tons dp. Accommodations 189 1st Class, 66 2nd Class, 210 3rd Class

"Four Aces." Sailed the New York-Mediterranean route for American Export. Acquired by Navy Oct 30, 1940 as transport and renamed AP-17 Harry Lee after conversion. Armed with four 40-mm guns. Redesignated APA-10 in 1943; two 6" guns added to armament. Only Ace to survive World War II. Sold to Turkey as Tarsus. Refitted at Bethlehem Steel, 1949-50. Made three voyages New York-Istanbul for Turkish Maritime Lines, 1950 to 1955. On 14 December 1960, Tarsus was anchored near Instinye, in the Strait of Bosphorus. The Yugoslav tanker Peter Zoranic collided with the Greek tanker World Harmony, caught fire, and drifted across the Strait until it collided with Tarsus. Both vessels were destroyed.
Governor 41 Aug 28, 1906  K May 25, 1907 Coastal liner (Pacific Coast Steamship) 417 ft long, beam 45 ft Transferred to Admiral Line, 1916. Collided with and sank former revenue cutter McCulloch three miles off Point Conception, CA, 13 June 1917. Collided with West Hartland off Point Wilson WA and sank, Apr 1, 1921.
Granite State

President Polk

President Taylor

246  May 22, 1919 U Jul 31, 1920 "502" class cargo liner (E.F.C. Design 1095), 522'-8" o/l Laid down as Jadwin. Operated for United States Lines on New York to London service. Sold to Dollar Line 1923. Burned to main deck in New York, 1924. Transferred to American President Lines, 1938. War Shipping Administration troopship, 1941. Stranded off Canton Island, 14 Feb 1942, later destroyed by Japanese aircraft.
Hoosier State

President Lincoln

Maria del Carmen

Cabo de Buena Esperanza

256 May 20, 1919 South Yard 4 Oct 23, 1920 "535" class cargo liner (E.F.C. Design 1029), 535 ft o/l Operated by Pacific Mail. First voyage San Francisco to Manila, 1921. Renamed Lincoln, 1922. Sold to Dollar Line, 1925. Grounded in Gatun Lake, Panama Canal, 1931. Transferred to American President Lines, 1938, and laid up in San Francisco. Sold to Spain and renamed Carmen, then Esperanza, 1940. Scrapped in Barcelona, 1958..
Keystone State

President McKinley

USS J. Franklin Bell (AP-34, APA-16)

253 May 13, 1919 South Yard 1 May 15, 1920 "535" class cargo liner (E.F.C. Design 1029), 535ft, 13529 t Laid down as an Army transport, completed as cargo liner Keystone State. Turned over to Pacific Steamship Co. 1922 and renamed McKinley. Transferred to Admiral Oriental Line 1922 and operated in the Pacific until 1938. Purchased by Army 1940 and renamed Bell. Transferred to Navy 1941. Earned six battle stars for WW II service. Decommissioned 1946. Sold for scrap Apr 1948 and broken up in Baltimore (some sources say Los Angeles)..

President Roosevelt


Emerald Seas



Sapphire Seas

Ocean Explorer I

518 NA   Delivered Jan 7, 1957

Liner (Hawaiian America); conversion only - built by Federal Shipbuilding & Dry Dock, Kearny NJ; 683 x 76 feet, 18,923 gross tons displacement

Originally built as Army troop ship General W. R. Richardson. Converted to liner La Guardia. NYSB rebuilt La Guardia into Leilani for Hawaiian American Steamship Co. Returned to MARAD after Textron bankruptcy, 1959. Rebuilt at Puget Sound B&DD for American President Lines as President Roosevelt, 1962. Rebuilt again in Perama for Chandris Lines as Atlantis, 1970. Sold to Ares Shipping/Eastern Steamship Lines, 1972, operating as Emerald Seas in Florida-Bahamas service. Sold to Festival Cruises, 1992, and operated in Mediterranean as Sapphire Seas. Laid up 1994. Renamed Ocean Explorer I and used as hotel ship in Lisbon. Chartered by World Cruise Co, 1999-2000. Laid up at Elusis, Greece. Scrapped 2004.
Lone Star State

President Taft

President Harding

Ville de Bruges

 255  May 13, 1919 South Yard 3 Dec 23, 1920

"535" class liner (E.F.C. Design 1029), 535 ft, 13,869 t, 644 pass

Went into trans-Atlantic service (NY-Bremen) with United States Lines in 1922. Renamed Taft after one voyage, Harding after two more. Sold to Belgian line Societe Maritime Anversoise in 1940 and renamed Bruges. Bombed by German aircraft in the River Scheldte on May 14, 1940, beached and burned. Wreck dismantled 1952.

USS Manchuria

President Johnson

Santa Cruz

6  Aug 9, 1902 K  Nov 2, 1903

Cargo liner (Pacific Mail Steamship), 616 ft long, 65 ft beam, 13,639 gt (as built), 16,111 gt (after refits). Twin screw. Accommodations 350 1st Class, 68 2nd Class, 1300 steerage.

Ordered by Atlantic Transport Line as Minnekahda, but sold while under construction to Pacific Mail. Repurchased in 1916. Sold to American Line and placed in Hamburg service. Fired first shot at U-boat in W.W.I. Converted to oil fuel in 1919-20. Served on New York-San Francisco route for Panama Pacific. Sold to Dollar Line and renamed President Johnson in round-the-world service. War Shipping Admin. troopship, 1941-1945. Sold to Tagus Navigation Co., 1947. Renamed Santa Cruz. Scrapped in Savona, 1952.
Manhattan  405  Dec 6, 1930 M Dec 5, 1931

Cargo liner (North Atlantic Steamship), 705 ft long, 86 ft beam, 24,189 gt. Twin screw, 20 kt. Accommodations 582 Cabin Class, 461 Tourist Class, 196 3rd Class.

Grounded off Palm Beach FL, Jan 1941. Served in WWII as transport Wakefield with CG crew (largest ever); delivered British troops to Singapore 1941, nearly lost to fire in Atlantic convoy, Sept 1942; towed to Halifax; rebuilt and recommissioned 1944. Laid up 1946-1964. Scrapped in Kearny NJ, 1964.

Sea Girt

Southern Cross

USS Wharton (AP-7)

241 Oct 08, 1918 K Jul 20, 1919

"535" class cargo liner (E.F.C. Design 1029), 535 ft long, 13789 gross tons, twin screw, 550 passengers.

Laid down as troop ship. Building as Badger State. Completed as Girt for US Shipping Board. Assigned to Munson Steamship Lines and renamed Southern Cross. Maiden voyage NY to Buenos Aires, 1921. Laid up in Baltimore, 1938. Taken over by Navy in 1939 as Wharton; earned three Battle Stars in service in the Pacific. Returned to US Maritime Commission in 1947, laid up at Olympia WA. Broken up in Seattle, 1952.


7  Oct 28, 1901 M Oct 14, 1902 Cargo liner (Atlantic Transport Co.), 7913 t Sold to American-Hawaiian Steamship Line, 1911; renamed Kansan. Hit a mine and sank near Belle ILe, France, 10-Jul-1917.



8  Jan 7, 1902 L Dec 15, 1902 Cargo liner (Atlantic Transport Co.), 490 ft, 9710 gross t, 1900 pass Sold to the Red Star Line in 1906 and renamed Samland for New York-Antwerp service. Sold to White Star Line in 1911 and renamed Belgic for the Liverpool-Wellington run. Returned to Red Star Line in 1913 and continued in North Atlantic service until 1931, when she was scrapped.

USS Mongolia

President Fillmore


5  Jun 7, 1902 J  Jul 25, 1903

Cargo liner (Pacific Mail Steamship), 615 ft, 16000t. Accommodations 250 Cabin and 400 Third Class.

Ordered by Atlantic Transport Line, but sold while under construction to Pacific Mail. Repurchased in 1915. Sold to American Line and placed in Hamburg service. Armed Mar 1917. Defended itself against German submarine, Apr 1917. Commissioned by US Navy transport service, Apr 1918. Decommissioned Sep 1919. Converted to oil fuel in 1919-20. Served on New York-San Francisco route for Panama Pacific, 1925-1929. Sold to Dollar Steamship and renamed President Fillmore 1929. Laid up 1931. Transferred to APL 1938. Sold to Wallen & Co., 1940 and renamed Panamanian. Sold for scrap and broken up in Shanghai, China in 1947.More.

USS Munargo (AP-20)


 263  Sep 30, 1920 J Sep 17, 1921

Cargo liner (Munson Line), 18895 gross tons, 432 feet long, beam 58 feet. Accommodations 172 First, 56 Second, 50 Third.

In months before launching, was only passenger liner under construction in the US. Maiden voyage was NY to Nassau, 7 January 1922. Grounded in Nuevitas Bay, Cuba, for four weeks, 2 Nov 1923. Rammed by Deutschland in New York harbor, 1933. Sold to United Fruit Co, 1938. Taken over by US Army, 1941. Transferred to US Navy and commissioned USS Munargo, 1941. Returned to Army and converted to hospital ship, 1943. Renamed Thistle, 1944. . Decommissioned 1946. Laid up in Astoria, 1948. Scrapped in San Francisco, Mar 1957..
Old North State

President Van Buren

President Fillmore

USAHS Marigold

244  Mar 20, 1919 U Feb 29, 1920 "502" class cargo liner (E.F.C. Design 1095), 522' o/a, 10,533 tons displacement Laid down as Woodbury. Original service was New York to Europe for United States Mail Steamship Co. Sold to Dollar Line in 1923, renamed Van Buren, and placed in round-the-world service. Used as troop carrier Fillmore in Pacific during WWII. Withdrawn in 1943 and converted to US Army hospital ship Marigold, the largest such at the time. Supported invasion of Europe from Mediterranean beginning Jul 1944, then followed island invasions across Pacific. Present in Tokyo Harbor for Japanese surrender ceremony. Laid up in Suisun Bay, 1946. Scrapped in Oakland, 1948.
Ontario 20 Oct 8, 1903 J Mar 28, 1904  Coastal liner (Merchants & Miners Transportation), 315 ft long, beam 42 ft, draft 18 ft, displacement 4095 tons (3082 grt). Accommodations, 146 first, 18 second. Maiden voyage Baltimore-Boston, 1904. Caught fire off Long Island and beached on Montouk Point, 1912. Grounded in Cape Cod Canal, 1933. Caught fire off Cape Cod and beached on Governors Island, 1934. Sold to Empresa Hondurena de Vapores, 1942. Torpedoed and sunk near Mobile, 6 May 1942..
Panhandle State

President Monroe

USAHS Emily H. M. Weder

President Buchanan

247  May 13, 1919 J Mar 9, 1920 "502" class cargo liner (E.F.C. Design 1095), 522'-8" o/a, 10,533 tons dp Laid down as troop ship, converted while building. Assigned to United States Mail Steamship Co.. Transferred to United States Lines and sailed for the London service, 1921. Sold to Dollar Line, 1922, and renamed Monroe. Requisitioned by U.S. Army during WWII and operated by Army Transportation Service as troop ship (later hospital ship) Emily H., W. Weder. Scrapped in San Francisco, 1956.
Peninsula State

President Pierce (1922)

President Roosevelt (1923-1940)

USS Joseph T. Dickman (AP-26, APA-13)

 252  Jul 20, 1920 M Jul 6, 1921

"535" class liner (E.F.C. Design 1029), 535 ft o/a, 13869 gross t., one funnel, two screws, 644 pass

Went into trans-Atlantic service with the United States Line in 1922. Renamed Pierce and then Roosevelt in mid-1922. Rescued the crew of British ship Antigone in 1926. Taken over by War Department in 1940 as transport Dickman. Took part in D-Day landings at Utah Beach. Scrapped at Oakland, CA in 1948.

Dorothy Alexander



36 Apr 24, 1906 J Dec 29, 1906 Coast liner (Pacific Coast Co.), 417 ft long, beam 45 ft. Accommodations 294 First, 144 Second. Transited Cape Horn on delivery voyage. Transferred to Admiral Line, 1916.Chartered to Matson Line for wartime service to Hawaii, 1917-18. Renamed Dorothy, 1922. Chartered to Clyde Line for East Coast service, 1925-26. Sold to Alaska Steamship Co., 1937. Renamed Columbia, 1938. Chartered by War Shipping Board, 1941-1946. Sold to Empresa de Navegacao Mercante of Panama and renamed Portugal, 1946. Scrapped at La Spezia, Italy, 1952.
President Adams

USS Geiger (T-AP-197)

Bay State IV

 486 Aug 1, 1949 U2 Oct 9, 1950 P2-S1-DN3 class cargo liner (US Maritime Commission), 536 ft, 10,600 dwt Originally laid down as Adams for American President Lines. Completed as troop ship with capacity of 2000 for MSTS, commissioned by Navy 1952. Air-conditioned. Ferried troops and refugees to and from Vietnam, Korea, Lebanon, Cuba, and US bases in Europe. Laid up in Suisun Bay, 1971. Struck 1973. Renamed Bay State IV and assigned as training ship for Massachusetts Maritime College, 1980. Fire aboard gutted engine room and killed 1 cadet, at Buzzards Bay, 1981. Scrapped 1983.
President Hayes

USS Upshur (T-AP-198)

State of Maine

487 Sep 30, 1949 T Jan 19, 1951

P2-S1-DN3 class cargo liner (US Maritime Commission #2916), 533.5 ft, 11,200 tons

Originally laid down as Hayes for American President Lines. Acquired by Navy while still building, 1950. Renamed Upshur and converted to troop & dependent transport for MSTS. Transferred to Maine Maritime Academy for use as training vessel, 2 Apr 1973; renamed State of Maine. Used as cadet training vessel until late 1990s. Later on loan to the Coast Guard for fire training, beached at Little Sand Island, Mobile AL. In Oct 2010, towed to International Shipbreakers in Brownsville and scrapped.
President Jackson

USS Barrett (T-AP-196)

Empire State V

 485 Jun 1, 1949 U1 Jun 27, 1950

P2-S1-DN3 class cargo liner (US Maritime Commission), 536 ft, 10600 dwt

Originally laid down as Jackson for American President Lines. Completed as troop ship for Military Sea Transportation Service. Supported Korean and Vietnam deployments. Air-conditioned. Struck 1973 and conveyed to New York State Maritime College as training ship; renamed Empire State V. Returned to NDRF, 1990. Sold for scrapping, Jun 2007.
Robert Fulton  85  Jan 11, 1909 K Mar 20, 1909

River liner (Hudson River Day Line); side-wheeler, 337 ft long, beam 42 ft., 2168 t displacement

Engines and boilers were from the destroyed New York. New York-Albany service. Closed out the era of Hudson steamers with final voyage, 13 September 1948. Became a floating barracks in Abaco, The Bahamas, 1959. Beached at Snake Cay, Great Abaco Island, 1960, and used as offices, company store, and school for Owens-Illinois. Demolished 1966.
Santa Clara

USS Susan B. Anthony (AP-72)

 387  Feb 4, 1929 L Nov 14, 1929 Cargo liner (Grace), 500 ft, 9055 tons dp, 18 kt. Accommodations 170 first class. Built for Grace Line's New York-South America service. Maiden voyage, New York to Callao/Valparaiso, 1930. Requisitioned by War Shipping Administration, 1942. Commissioned as Navy transport AP-72 Susan B. Anthony, 1942. Sunk by a mine off beaches of Normandy, 7 June 1944.
Santa Elisa


 197  Jan 12, 1918 T Sep 24, 1918

Cargo liner (Grace), 373 ft long, beam 51 ft, draft 25 ft, 5975 tons dp. Accommodations , 110 passengers

Built for Grace Line's New York-South America service. Taken over while building by US Shipping Board for service as W.W.I troop transport, 1919. First commercial voyage New York to Valparaiso, 1920. Transferred to intercoastal New York-San Francisco service, 1931. Sold to Alaska Steamship Co., 1936, and renamed Baranof. In Seattle-Alaska service. Chartered by War Shipping Administration, 1942-1946. Laid up at Seattle, 1954. Scrapped in Sakaide, Japan, 1955.
Santa Leonora

USS Santa Leonora

USS Canopus (AS-9)

 198  Mar 7, 1918 U Dec 19, 1918

Cargo liner (Grace) 373 ft long, beam 51 ft, draft 25 ft, 5102 gt, 5975 tons dp, 110 pass

Built for Grace Line's New York-South America service. Commissioned as troop transport for US Navy, Jul-Aug 1919. Grace declined return of ship, which was turned over to US Army. Reacquired by Navy and commissioned as submarine tender AS-9 Canopus, 1921. Scuttled at Bataan, 1942.
Savannah 529 Nov 16, 1957 O Jul 21, 1959

Nuclear-powered cargo liner (US Maritime Administration), 595 ft o/l, 78' beam, 9900 tonnes dwt, 13599 grt

Built as proof-of-concept demonstrator for a civilian nuclear-powered vessel. Had 30 staterooms and space for 8500 tons of cargo. Laid up in 1972 after logging more than 450,000 sea miles. Museum ship at Patriots Point, NC, 1981-1994. Made a US National Historic Landmark, 1991. In James River NDRF mothball fleet, 1994-2006. In Colonna's Shipyard, Newport News, 2006-2008, for $1 million in repairs. In Vane Brothers' Shipyard, Baltimore, 2008-present, for $600,000 removal of reactor components.

City of Athens

109 Sep 24, 1910 J Mar 30, 1911 Coastal liner (Merchants & Miners Transportation Co.); 331 ft, 3648 t, 170 pass Bought by Savannah Line and renamed Athens, 1917. Rammed by French cruiser Gloire off Cape Romaine, DE, and sank, 1 May 1918.

City of Rome



108 Jul 14, 1910 J Feb 25, 1911 Coastal liner (Merchants & Miners Transportation Co.); 331 ft, 3648 t, 170 pass Ran between Philadelphia, Baltimore, Savannah, and Jacksonville. Sold to Savannah Line in 1917 and renamed City of Rome. Operated between Boston and Savannah. Rammed and sank US submarine S-51 off Block Island, 25 Sep 1925; 37 killed. Laid up at Savannah, 1927. Sold to Sunnyland Steamship Co. and renamed Veramar, 1928. Sold back to Merchants & Miners and renamed Somerset, 1928. Broken up at Baltimore in 1938.

Mount Vernon

406 Jan 20, 1931 O Aug 20, 1932

Liner (United States Lines), 705 ft long, 86 ft beam, 24,289 gt. Twin screws, 20 kt. Accommodations 580 Cabin Class, 400 Tourist Class, 150 3rd Class.

Sister ship to Manhattan. Maiden voyage May 10, 1933. New York - Northern Europe service. Stopped by U-boat off Portugal in 1940, but released after captain insisted ship was not American. Taken over in 1941 as Navy transport USS Mt. Vernon. Returned to passenger service 1946-1952, laid up 1953-1965. Broken up in Kearney NJ, 1965.
Washington Irving 126 May 23, 1912 J Dec 7, 1912

River side-wheel steamer (Hudson River Day Line), 416 ft long, beam 47 feet, passenger capacity 6000

Four decks; biggest passenger-carrying riverboat ever. Hudson River service. Engine was 6200hp with cylinders 45in x 70in x 7 ft stroke. Struck by a tug & oil barges and sunk near New York berth, 1926, with loss of 3 lives.

President Jefferson

USS Henry T. Allen (AP-30, APA-15, AG-90)

240 Jun 15, 1918 L May 24, 1919 "535" class cargo liner (E.F.C. Design 1029), 535 ft, 13,529 t Laid down as an Army transport under US Shipping Board contract. Entered service with Pacific Steamship Co. Transferred to Admiral-Orient Line Nov 1922 and renamed Jefferson. Purchased by Army in 1940 and renamed Allen. Acquired by Navy Dec 6, 1941 and commissioned as AP-30 on Apr 22, 1942. Took part in Operation Torch. Assigned to Pacific and supported offensive in Solomons. Decommissioned Feb 5, 1946 and placed in reserve at Suisun Bay. Scrapped in Baltimore, 1948.
Wolverine State

President Harrison

Kachidoki Maru

248 May 13, 1919 O Sep 16, 1920 "502" class cargo liner (E.F.C. Design 1095), 522'8" o/a Sold to Dollar Line, 1923. Intentionally grounded off Swaiwaishan Island, China coast, while pursued by Japanese forces in Dec 1941. Salvaged and placed in service as Kachidoki Maru. Collided with Fumizuki in Formosa Strait Sep 16, 1942. Sunk in convoy from Singapore to Formosa by American submarine SS-383 Pampanito on Sep 12, 1944. Casualties included 244 of 900 Allied POWs aboard the Maru.

C# = New York Shipbuilding contract number

The following American steamship lines operated New York Shipbuilding-built passenger vessels:



AMERICAN LINE (1873-1924)
absorbed into J.P. Morgan's International Mercantile Marine, 1902

absorbed into J.P. Morgan's International Mercantile Marine by stock swap, 1 Dec 1902

DOLLAR LINE (1910-1938)

GRACE LINE (1913-1970)



MUNSON LINE (1884-1938)





RED "D" LINE (1880-1938)



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